Dying-away of paper
In future people won’t use paper anymore.
The electric paper is invention which can absolutely change future of using old ‘normal’ paper made from wood. This electric display has been still more and more developed and improved. Nowadays prototypes are flexible, bendable, colorful, with a water proof coating, with different shapes and have paper thin. It works on basement of metal foil layered over a TFT display, instead of a glass substrate. That allows the image to retain its shape as it bends and warps. Only disadvantage of this invention is its price. But it is very probable that this fact will change in future years.
The e-paper is invention of future because of many reasons. Thanks to scientific progress and increasing demand it can happens that electronic paper will replace normal paper. It means books, study materials, magazines and newspapers but also it will works as computers that roll up, slide into an envelope, not even requiring a case to carry them.
The electronic paper save space and also money. In future will not be necessary to spend money for daily newspapers or books. It brings more comfortable life.
WHO & WHEN?
History of this invention starts in the nineties. The first e-paper was developed in 1990 by Joseph Jacobson who cooperated with E Ink Corporation and Phillips. Later started be interested in many more companies. Nowadays on this projects work instead of mentioned companies also Sony, IBM or LG.
E-reading has really good opportunity to success in developed countries. Especially, in North America, European Union and on some Asian markets (China, Japan, UAE).
There are several different technologies exist to build e-paper.It depends on manufacturer which is better to use.Here are some examples:
1. Electrophoretic Technology
An electrophoretic display forms visible images by rearranging charged pigment particles using an applied electric field.
2. E Ink
The technology is the most widely known and used form of e-paper. Known as electronic ink, it is a proprietary material that is made into a film for incorporation into a paper-like display.
Electro-wetting display (EWD) is based on controlling the shape of a confined water/oil interface by an applied voltage. With no voltage applied, the (coloured) oil forms a flat film between the water and a hydrophobic (water-repellent), insulating coating of an electrode, resulting in a coloured pixel.
4. Organic field-effect transistor
An organic field-effect transistor (OFET) is a field effect transistor using an organic semiconductor in its channel. OFETs can be prepared either by vacuum evaporation of small molecules, by solution-casting of polymers or small molecules, or by mechanical transfer of a peeled single-crystalline organic layer onto a substrate.
Opportunity: a chance to invent new innovative types of paper
Threat: probable absence of necessity for their present production